How to Plant & Grow Maize

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Corn and maize refer to the same plant. Maize is a favorite vegetable for many people and is rich in nutrients like vitamin C, carbohydrates and protein. Planting and growing maize takes some patience and requires a lot of space. Corn can grow in many climates but does best in the heat of the summer, over 65 F.

Things You'll Need

  • Corn seeds
  • Tiller
  • Fertilizer
  • Select an area of land that receives six to eight hours of direct sunlight. Maize needs plenty of sunlight to grow.

  • Prepare the soil. The land should have adequate drainage. The best growth can be obtained at a pH of 6.0 to 6.5. Plow or till the selected piece of land about 6 inches deep. Design either a square or rectangle shape. Maize is wind-pollinated, so forming the shape of a square or rectangle will maximize the wind pollination.

  • Plant your seeds 10 days to two weeks after the average frost. If you plant too early, you risk frost killing your seedlings.

  • Poke holes that are 1 inch deep for heavy soil and 2 inches or less in sandy soil. Make straight rows that are 2 to 3 feet apart. The distance allows the roots room to grow. Create at least four or more rows; maize is wind pollinated, and a square or rectangle pattern ensures adequate pollination.

  • Sow five or six seeds per hole. Cover each hole with soil.

  • Water the field after everything has been planted and apply fertilizer that is rich in nitrogen. Maize needs a lot of nitrogen to grow and produce well. Apply compost as well.

  • Form the soil around the roots into small hills when the stalks are about 6 inches high. This will keep the roots cool and assists with anchoring the stalk to the ground.

  • Harvest your maize when the plants are mature. The ears should be full and the silk should be brown and crisp. A pierced kernel will produce a milky substance. The end of the ear should be blunt, not pointed.

References

  • Photo Credit Jupiterimages/Photos.com/Getty Images
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