How to Treat Vasoconstriction

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Cardiovascular exercise increases blood flow, reducing vasoconstriction.
Cardiovascular exercise increases blood flow, reducing vasoconstriction. (Image: Jupiterimages/Goodshoot/Getty Images)

Vasoconstriction refers to the narrowing of the blood vessel walls. It is often caused by taking certain medications, but can also be caused by medical conditions such as Raynaud's disease, and can range from mild to severe. Vasoconstriction makes it harder for blood to get through the vessels, restricting circulation. This results in symptoms such as cramps, numbness or tingling, and color changes in the skin. Treatment of vasoconstriction varies greatly, depending on the cause.

Engage in at least one hour of cardiovascular exercise daily. Regular exercise promotes circulation and vasodilation, which may reduce some of the symptoms associated with the vasoconstrictive disorder.

Avoid caffeine, nicotine, cold and stress. These things cause an increase in vasoconstriction, which may make your symptoms worse.

Treat the underlying condition. For example, if you have peripheral artery disease, you may need to take statins. Ask your doctor about diagnostic and treatment options.

Massage the affected area for 5 to 10 minutes when symptoms occur. Massage warms the area and increases blood flow, temporarily reversing the vasoconstriction.

Maintain optimal health by eating a healthy diet, getting enough sleep and maintaining a healthy weight. The better your body functions, the fewer symptoms you will have.

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