Appropriate weight gain is a must when it comes to raising turkeys Since male turkeys grow up to 30 percent faster than their female counterparts and have higher protein requirements, separating them by gender can help to maximize weight gain for both genders. Starting with high-quality turkey feed, limiting physical activity, and providing table scraps when the turkeys are 18 to 20 weeks old can also prove valuable for promoting weight gain.
Things You'll Need
- Turkey starter
- Turkey grower
- Turkey finisher
- Table scraps
- Chicken wire
Putting Weight on Male Turkeys
Provide male poults with a constant supply of turkey starter for the first four weeks of life. Turkey starter is a specialized type of feed typically made with soybeans and corn, which is rich in protein, fiber, calcium and other vitamins and minerals. During this time, male poults should be provided with incremental increases in turkey feed to provide up of 1.5 pounds per bird per week, resulting in an average weight gain of about two pounds over the first three weeks of life.
Continue feeding male poults turkey starter, when they are from four to eight weeks old, providing incremental increases to feed up to 2.4 pounds per week. Their average weight gain during this time should be an additional two pounds, or five pounds since birth.
Feed male poults turkey grower -- a high-energy feed made with corn and soybeans -- from eight to 18 weeks of age. During this time, provide them with incremental increases in feed to total up to nine pounds per week per bird, resulting in a total weight gain of up to 32 pounds since birth.
Feed male poults a turkey finisher from 20 to 24 weeks of age. Provide incremental feed increases to up to 12 pounds per week, resulting in a live body weight of up to 43 pounds.
Putting Weight on Female Turkeys
Provide female poults with a constant supply of turkey starter for the first four weeks of life. During this period, female poults should receive up to 1.3 pounds of turkey starter each week, resulting in an average weight gain of about two pounds since birth.
Continue feeding female poults turkey starter from four to eight weeks of age. Feed provisions should increase to up to 2.7 pounds per week. Female poults may reach seven pounds during this time period.
Feed female poults should receive turkey grower when they are from ten to 14 weeks of age. They should be provided with incremental increases in feed to reach six pounds per week, and live weight may reach 17 pounds.
Feed female poults turkey finisher when they are from 16 to 20 weeks of age They should be provided with incremental increases in feed to up to eight pounds per week total feed, and live weight may reach 25 pounds.