How to Cite a Map in APA Format


From census figures to topographic information, maps contain a wealth of data you may need for your research project. As with other sources you obtain data from, you should include maps in the reference list of your APA-formatted papers. The sixth edition of "Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association" provides guidelines on how to cite a map in APA format.

  • Begin the citation with the publisher's name followed by the word "Cartographer" in parentheses. For example, "U.S. Census Bureau Maps and Cartographic Resources (Cartographer)."

  • Give the date the map was published in parentheses -- for example, "(2008)."

  • List the title of the map followed by the type of the map within square brackets -- such as "[demographic map]" or "[topographic map]." For example, "Combined statistical areas of the United States and Puerto Rico, November 2008 [statistical map]."

  • Give the URL if you retrieved the map from a Website. Use the format "Retrieved from URL" and do not use a period after the URL: for example, "Retrieved from".

Tips & Warnings

  • Give a short description of the map if it does not have a title, such as "Population density of Anderson County" or "Topographic features of the state of Vermont."
  • Use the name of the map's publisher and the year of publication for an in-text citation.

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