Chkdsk (pronounced check disk) is a command utility that Microsoft includes with the Windows operating system to ensure the healthy functioning of the hard drive in a PC. Chkdsk already operates on a partial schedule because it runs scans of the hard disk drive when the operating system is not in use by the owner. A crude interpretation of this schedule is: "Run Chkdsk the next time the computer restarts." Some users might consider this schedule unhelpful or inconvenient. Use another Windows utility to exert greater control over when Chkdsk runs its scans.
Click "Start." Type "Task Scheduler" in the search box at the bottom of the "Start" menu. Press "Enter" to open a window.
Select "Action" at the top of the window. Choose "Create Basic Task" from the menu, which opens a wizard in a new dialog box.
Type "Chkdsk Scheduling" in the field titled "Name." Enter an optional description below the name. Click "Next."
Fill in the radio button to specify a time-, date- or event-based trigger. Click "Next." Select additional scheduling details that appear on the next page, such as start-date, start-time and start-day. Click "Next."
Fill in the "Start a Program" button, if not already selected. Click "Next." Type or use copy-and-paste functions to put the following file path into the box titled "Program/Script":
Click the "Finish" button. The Chkdsk utility will automatically activate based on the scheduled trigger (date, time and/or event). You may need to restart the computer for the utility to complete its task.
Tips & Warnings
- The file path for Chkdsk on most PCs is "C:\Windows\System32\chkdsk.exe." However, if the computer has a dual-boot or other type of system setup, then the drive letter might need to change to "D" or subsequent letters, as shown:
- The Chkdsk utility cannot run while the Windows operating system is in use.
- Avoid scheduling the Chkdsk utility to run while the computer might be in the middle of important activities. For example, if you are holding a Web conference for the workplace, then change the Chkdsk schedule around that timeframe or temporarily delete the task.
- Photo Credit Oli Scarff/Getty Images News/Getty Images
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