If you are writing a paper on research or statistics gathered by an outside source, your argument can be strengthened by including a chart in your work. If you include a chart taken from an outside source, you should cite it properly. American Psychological Association, or APA, style provides a template for including a chart's source in your reference list and noting the chart in the body of your text.
Charts in Reference List
If you include a chart from an outside source in the body of your paper, place a description of the source in your reference list. The basic APA format for a book source is as follows:
Author Lastname, Firstname. (Year). Book title: Subtitle if applicable. Publisher Location, Publisher.
Dungaree, T. (1989). Elementary statistics. New York, NY: Macmillan Publishers.
If you're reproducing a chart found in a scholarly journal article, use the following form instead:
Author Lastname, Firstname. (Year, Month if applicable). Title of article: Subtitle if applicable. Title of Journal, Volume Number(Issue Number), pages.
Connule, B., & Marsh, T. (2004, March). The cruelest months: Depression and sunlight. Psychology Monthly, 4(3), 23-56.
Charts in Text Body
If you are including a chart from an outside source in the body of your text, include a note after the chart referencing the source. The format for a book source is as follows:
Note. From Book title, pages, by Author Name, year, publisher location: publisher.
Note. From Elementary statistics, p. 17, by T. Dungaree, 1989, New York, NY: Macmillan Publishers.
When the chart is from a journal article, include the journal title and page in place of the publishing information. The article title is referenced in quotes:
Note. From "The cruelest months: Depression and sunlight" by B. Connule & T. Marsh, 2004, Psychology Monthly, 4(3), 28.
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