How to Fertilize Succulents

Succulents are classified as plants that have thick and fleshy leaves or stems. A variety of plants belong to the succulent group, including cacti and jade. Succulents are easy plants to care for, as they do not need much watering and little to no pruning. They do benefit; however, from the addition of fertilizer. Fertilizer feeds your succulents nutrients it requires, such as nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Giving your succulents too much fertilizer is potentially harmful; therefore, you must take care when feeding your exotic-looking plant.


    • 1

      Look at the back of the fertilizer for information on how much to feed your succulent; it will depend on the size of the plant. Succulents typically require about half of the amount that is recommended.

    • 2

      Sprinkle the appropriate amount of fertilizer for your sized succulent on the dirt, if you are using the powdered variety. Most fertilizer is placed on top of the soil around the plant beginning at the roots and out to the edge of the container. If you are using a liquid fertilizer, pour the liquid into the succulent's soil just as if you were watering it.

    • 3

      Perform this technique during the succulent's growing season, which typically occurs in late spring or early summer. Succulents require fertilizer applications only about once or twice a year.

Tips & Warnings

  • Succulents require very little water. Although it varies depending on the plant, succulents typically need water once a week during warm weather and once a month during cold.
  • Use fertilizer that is higher in phosphorus than nitrogen.
  • Many succulents grow well and bloom indoors when placed in a windowsill; however, they often benefit from spending time outdoors during the summer months. Start the transition from indoors to out by placing them in a semi-shaded area, and then gradually moving them to a sunnier area.
  • Keep the plants in warm temperatures, but prevent them from experiencing the intense sun that usually occurs between 11 a.m. and 3 p.m. -- move them into the shade during this part of the day.
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  • Photo Credit Brand X Pictures/Brand X Pictures/Getty Images

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