How to Plant Dwarf Spruce


If you are looking for a slow-growing, dense conifer with a pyramid form, consider planting a dwarf Alberta spruce. Marketed as dwarf white spruce or dwarf spruce, these trees are available at most garden centers in growing zones two through six. While the dwarf spruce eventually grows to be 10 to 12 feet tall, it often takes 25 to 30 years to get that tall. It retains its form, requires little pruning, and adapts well to container living for use as accent on a deck or patio.

Things You'll Need

  • Tape measure
  • Shovel
  • Compost
  • Nail
  • Mulch
  • Soaker hose
  • Prepare a well-drained spot with full or partial sun for the dwarf spruce. Set the spruce in an area protected from strong winter winds. The planting spot needs to be at least 3 or 4 feet away from foundations to allow the roots room to grow.

  • Measure how deep and wide the soil is in the dwarf Alberta spruce's container. Use a shovel to dig a hole at least that deep. Make the hole two or three times wider. As you dig, loosen the soil around the hole so the roots can easily penetrate into the ground around the hole.

  • Add compost to the soil you are returning to the ground at the rate of one part compost to three parts soil.

  • Loosen the roots and set the dwarf Alberta spruce tree in the hole. Throw some of the composted soil in around the circumference of the root ball. Tamp it lightly with your hands. Add more composted soil and tamp it lightly. Continue until you fill the hole.

  • Place mulch 2 to 4 inches deep around the dwarf spruce. Allow a 2 to 4 inch gap between the tree's trunk and the mulch.

  • Water the dwarf spruce with a soaker hose during its first growing season. Add enough water to soak to the bottom of the root ball. If you get periodic, soaking rains, you may omit this step. After the first growing season, the tree doesn't need a lot of watering except in periods of prolonged drought.

Tips & Warnings

  • The Latin name for dwarf Alberta spruce is Picea glauca 'Conica.'
  • Spider mites sometimes create problems for dwarf spruce. If you see signs of an infestation during June and July, spray with an appropriate insecticide.

Related Searches


Promoted By Zergnet


You May Also Like

  • How to Trim a Dwarf Alberta Spruce

    Dwarf Alberta spruce trees, Picea glauca var. Albertiana "Conica," are common evergreens in residential landscapes. They are slow growers, adding just 2...

  • Dwarf Spruce Varieties

    Dwarf varieties of traditional spruce trees have the same color, texture and shape as their larger counterparts. The only difference is size....

  • Where Should I Plant Alberta Spruce Trees?

    For most U.S. gardeners, the name Alberta spruce is synonymous with dwarf Alberta spruce (Picea glauca variation albertiana "Conica"), one of the...

  • Care of Spruce Trees in Pots

    Having a living Christmas tree is becoming more and more popular every year. Not only can you use your spruce tree as...

Related Searches

Is DIY in your DNA? Become part of our maker community.
Submit Your Work!