If you'd like to stain a wood surface that has already been painted, accomplish your goal by applying a solid stain. Unlike semitransparent stains, which are absorbed into bare wood and enhance its natural appearance, solid stains add a rich colorful film that sits atop the wood's surface. Because latex paint is water-based, it is incompatible with oil-based solid stains. To generate a durable finish, you must apply a special primer that will bond to both coatings.
Things You'll Need
- Mineral spirits
- Professional painter's tape
- Canvas drop cloth
- Shellac-based primer
- 2 to 4-inch natural-bristled paintbrush
- Denatured alcohol
- Solid stain
Wipe the latex finish with a rag dampened with mineral spirits. Let the latex dry for one hour.
Cover surfaces adjacent to and below the latex finish, using tape and drop cloths.
Coat the latex finish with shellac-based primer, using a natural-bristled paintbrush. Be careful to smooth any flaws, such as runs and sag marks, as you apply. Let the base dry for two hours.
Clean the shellac-based primer from the brush's bristles, using denatured alcohol.
Coat the dried shellac-based primer with solid stain, using the clean natural-bristled paintbrush. Let the solid stain dry for two hours; add a second coat.
Clean the solid stain from the brush's bristles, using mineral spirits.
Tips & Warnings
- Do not use a latex or acrylic primer, or the solid stain won't stick. Don't use an oil-based primer, or peeling will result.
Oil Vs. Latex Exterior Stain
Exterior wood stain generally goes on fences, decks, building siding, benches and any other outdoor wood structures. Both oil and latex stains...
Exterior Paint Vs. Solid Stain
Both exterior paint and solid stains are reasonable options for many outdoor surfaces, including house siding, fences, decks, patios and sheds. However,...
How to Control Roof Leaks
Treat a leaking roof as an emergency, because it can wreak havoc in your house in a very short time. Attend to...
How to Paint Over Wood Stain
When it comes to painting over wood stain, you may encounter problems that can make it seem like a daunting task. Stained...
How to Paint Over Stained Siding
Stained wood siding can be painted over either with exterior water-based 100 percent acrylic paint, or latex or oil-based solid stain, or...
Disadvantages of Solid Color Stain for a Deck
You may choose a solid color stain for your deck because you have an almost limitless range of colors to choose from....