How to Mix Cement, Concrete & Mortar

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Cement, concrete and mortar are words that are often used interchangeably, but they are different things. Concrete is a construction material composed of cement, gravel, sand and water. Mortar is composed of cement, sand and water only. While concrete can be used in stand-alone situations, mortar is more frequently used to bind together material such as bricks. If you want to mix together your own concrete and mortar, you can do so with a simple mixing procedure.

Things You'll Need

  • Wheelbarow
  • Sand
  • Portland cement
  • Gravel
  • Water
  • Shovel

Concrete

  • Mix one part Portland cement, two parts sand and three parts gravel into the wheelbarrow using the shovel.

  • Add cold water to the mixture of dry materials slowly and combine with the shovel. Use as little water as possible to achieve a consistency like that of peanut butter.

  • Stop adding water when the mixture takes on the consistency of peanut butter. Be sure to thoroughly mix all of the materials.

Mortar

  • Add one part Portland cement to three parts sand in a wheelbarow.

  • Mix the two dry ingredients thoroughly with a shovel.

  • Add water to the mixture slowly while stirring with the shovel until the mixture has the consistency of warm butter. Use immediately.

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References

  • "The Old House Handbook: The Essential Guide to Care and Repair"; Roger Hunt; 2008
  • Photo Credit Jupiterimages/Comstock/Getty Images
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