A polynomial is a finite sum of terms constructed from variables. Polynomial rules indicate that only addition, subtraction and multiplication operations may be applied, and the integer exponent must be a non-negative number. The degree of a polynomial is the highest exponent from all its terms. This can easily be confused with the degree of a term, which is the sum of the exponents assigned to each variable in the term.
Read the polynomial. A proper polynomial will have the highest degree first, and it will descend accordingly through the terms. However, not all polynomials are written this way. For example, 5xy^5 + 3x^3 + 5y is a correct polynomial expression, but you may find it written as 3x^3 + 5y + 5xy^5.
Determine which terms in the expression can contain polynomial degrees. In the example 5xy^5 + 3x^3 + 5y, the following have polynomial degrees: 5xy^5 -- x = 1, y = 5; 3x^3 -- x = 3; 5y -- y = 1.
Take the largest degree from the polynomial. For 5xy^5 + 3x^3 + 5y, the largest degree is 5. This is the degree of the polynomial.
Tips & Warnings
- When looking at the degree of a term, the degrees are added together. For 5xy^5 + 3x^3 + 5y, add the numbers together. The degree of the term for this polynomial is 10: 1 + 5 + 3 + 1.
- Only the variables are added, not the constant term. The coefficient 5 in the 5xy^5 term is a constant. Its degree is a 0, and therefore not counted.
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