Hundreds of years of selective breeding of just one wild chicken species, the red jungle fowl native to Southeast Asia, has resulted in dozens of vastly different breeds of chickens recognized worldwide. Developing a new breed takes an understanding to chicken genetics, current breeds and a lot of trial and error. Although there are many good books on chicken breeds, to develop a new breed takes a lot of knowledge you can only get from experience.
Decide what features you want in a new breed of chicken. Features to consider include color, standard or bantam size, feather type, top knot, and feathered or bare legs. You also want to decide if you want your chickens to be good egg layers or for meat.
Find out if the specific features you want occur with a dominant or recessive gene. If the trait is recessive, you will need two parent chickens with the trait to ensure the chicks have that trait. If the trait is dominant, then you may only need one parent with that trait. Other chicken breeders can help you determine this in some cases. However, if you are breeding for a new trait, then you will need to breed your chickens and document traits in chicks to determine if a trait is recessive or dominant and which chickens carry this trait.
Breed hens with roosters that each contain the traits you are looking for. Keep the breeding pairs in separate coops to make sure the right chickens are breeding.
Select the chicks that develop the traits you are seeking and breed those. It will take several generations of chickens and several years to develop a new chicken breed.
Tips & Warnings
- Join a local chicken or poultry breeding club and a national organization, such as the American Poultry Association, to learn about breeding chickens from those with experience.
- "The Complete Encyclopedia of Chickens"; Esther Verhoef and Aad Rijs; 2003
- "Chickens"; Sue Weaver; 2005
- Poultry One: All You Need to Know About Breeding Chickens
- "Exhibition Poultry Keeping"; David Scrivener; 2005
- Photo Credit Jupiterimages/Photos.com/Getty Images
The Best Chicken Breeds
The endless varieties of chickens might make your head spin when you are looking for the best chicken breeds. However, these varieties...
How to Design a Poultry House
Designing a poultry house can present unique challenges over the simple chicken coop because "poultry" is a designation for several types of...
How to Tie a Butcher's Knot
A butcher's knot is so named because it is used almost exclusively by professional chefs and butchers to tie up meat. This...
How to Breed Chickens
You can breed chickens for consumption, shows, producing eggs or just as a hobby. But first you must learn the things to...
How to Breed Bantam Chickens
Bantam chickens have become one of the most popular chicken varieties around the world. Originating from the small jungle foul native to...
How to Breed Guinea Fowl
Guinea fowl are interesting birds to breed. They can be used for eggs, meat, pest control and as watch birds. They are...