Mold comes in many varieties, from common mildew to the dreaded Stachybotrys chartarum (black mold). While some strains are more dangerous than others are, all types can pose health risks in individuals with compromised respiratory systems, allergies and asthma. If excess mold has overtaken any portion of your home, you should call a mold removal specialist right away, but if the spores are isolated to a manageable area, such as a piece of furniture, bathroom tiles or an area of carpet, you can eliminate the problem on your own using simple home methods.
Things You'll Need
- Vacuum cleaner
- Baking mold
- Spray bottle
- Lemon juice
- Rubbing alcohol
- Hydrogen peroxide
Increase your home's air circulation. Proper air circulation draws moisture outdoors, thus killing the active mold spores indoors. Open all of your windows and turn on fans in mold-affected rooms. If high humidity exists outdoors, turn on your air conditioner instead of opening windows.
Place moldy objects in the sun. Sunlight kills active mold by evaporating the moisture in which the spores thrive. By placing mold beneath the warm sun, you can watch the spores transform from a slimy, wet appearance into a powdery or crusty appearance, the inactive mold form. Once the mold dries, you can remove it with a broom or vacuum cleaner attachment.
Run a dehumidifier. If you have no access to natural sunlight, a dehumidifier can also evaporate the moisture associated with mold growth. Place the dehumidifier beside the moldy objects, turn it on and allow it to run until the entire surface of your object dries. This method will work effectively for damp objects, but not for objects saturated because of flooding or water damage.
Sprinkle some baking soda over your moldy carpet, wait 20 to 30 minutes and vacuum. This will effectively remove the mold spores and odor from your damp carpet, as baking soda kills odors and destroys mold spores simultaneously.
Clean moldy fabrics with a cup of bleach. Chlorine bleach and oxygen bleach both contain strong mold-fighting properties. By adding a cup of bleach to the bleach dispenser in your washing machine, you can remove mold from clothing, towels, curtains, sheets and other fabrics. Reserve chlorine bleach exclusively for white fabrics, and use oxygen bleach on all other fabrics.
Pour a household mold killer into a spray bottle. The typical household already contains multiple mold-killing liquid solutions. For instance, white vinegar, apple cider vinegar, bleach, lemon juice, rubbing alcohol and hydrogen peroxide will kill mold on contact. If using bleach or hydrogen peroxide, dilute with three parts water. If using rubbing alcohol, dilute with one part water. Spray over your mold, wipe the surface, rinse and dry.