The MK4 Jetta, sold in the United States for the 1999 to 2001 model years, is a great starting point for a performance-tuned sport compact car. The Jetta was designed to be a little more sporty than its Japanese competitors, is relatively lightweight and has a sophisticated suspension system. The 1.8-liter turbocharged Jetta 1.8T is especially desirable for tuning, though the 2.0-liter base model and VR6 cars have plenty of potential as well.
Swap out the stock wheels and tires for something more performance-oriented. Wheels and tires can improve acceleration and driveability. Sixteen-inch wheels with some low profile tires will fill out the wheel wells nicely and add a boost to cornering and acceleration. Lighter wheels will allow the car to accelerate more quickly. Wider tires help with cornering as they have a larger contact patch with the road.
Perform upgrades to the car's suspension with special care. The Mk4 Jetta uses a strut-type independent suspension for the front wheels and a semi-independent torsion beam setup in the rear. In the front, some aftermarket adjustable coilovers will provide a firmer and more aggressive ride in conjunction with a stabilizer bar. The rear can benefit from an anti-roll bar.
Determine your power goals. It is much better to have a well-planned powertrain tune than to start haphazardly installing lots of name-brand performance parts not holistically prepared. The 1.8T engine is the best of the four Mk4 engines for moderate tuning, as with a little modification to the engine can make your Jetta much faster. You can achieve modest performance gains from a cold-air intake system and a freer-breathing exhaust. The 2.0-liter and VR6 engines can be turbocharged as well, though especially in the case of the 2.0 the head will need built to accommodate turbo boost.
Tips & Warnings
- If you are buying a Mk4 Jetta for tuning, seek out a 1.8T Wolfsburg Edition. These cars feature a few key upgrades over the standard 1.8T.
- Always use proper safety equipment and a well-ventilated area when working on your Jetta.
- Photo Credit wrench image by Edsweb from Fotolia.com
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