How to Treat Mononucleosis


Mononucleosis is an infectious viral disease caused by the Epstein-Barr virus and, on rare occasions, by cytomegalovirus (CMV). There is no cure for it, and it usually clears up on its on without causing any complications.

Things You'll Need

  • Dandelion Leaves
  • Popsicles
  • Bottled Water
  • Fruit Juices
  • Salt
  • Dandelion Roots
  • Echinacea
  • Multivitamins
  • Throat Lozenges
  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin E
  • Rest. That is probably the single most important thing you can do. Do not fight the urge to sleep.

  • Stay in bed during the acute phase of the illness if you are feeling very ill and fatigued. Your body is telling you what it needs in order to heal.

  • Drink plenty of fluids to keep from getting dehydrated. Drink water or fresh juice.

  • Gargle with warm salt water if you have a sore throat. Suck on throat lozenges, hard candy or Popsicles.

  • Eat soft, nonspicy foods if your throat is sore.

  • Maintain good nutrition. It is important to boost your immune system. Eat several small meals a day. It is easier on the digestive system and may be better tolerated while you are sick.

  • Avoid junk food. It depresses your immune system.

  • Use the herbs astagalus and echinacea. They are available as a tea, in capsules or as a tincture. They boost immune function.

  • Take dandelion and milk thistle herbs to protect the liver, which is sometimes affected by mononucleosis. They are available as a tincture, tea or capsules.

  • Take a high-potency multivitamin.

  • Take Vitamin C with bioflavonoids, 5,000mg daily, in divided doses to strengthen the immune system.

  • Use Vitamin E, 400-800 IU per day. It is needed for immune system functioning.

  • Use Vitamin A, 50,000 IU per day for 2 weeks only, and then slowly reduce down to 10,000 IU. It is essential for immune functioning.

  • Take a fever reducer, such as ibuprofen, aspirin or acetominophen to relieve fever and aches/pains. Do not give aspirin to children under 18 because of its association with Reye's syndrome, a rare but potentially fatal disease.

Tips & Warnings

  • Antibiotics are ineffective against mononucleosis because it is caused by a virus. They are prescribed only if there is a secondary bacterial infection, such as an ear infection or strep throat.
  • Mononucleosis is often mistaken for the flu because the symptoms are similar. A blood test is needed to confirm the presence of mononucleosis. The acute symptoms last between two and four weeks, but the fatigue can continue for several weeks or even months.
  • Most cases resolve without complications, but mononucleosis can cause problems with the spleen and liver.
  • If you get sudden sharp pains in the left upper abdomen, if breathing and/or swallowing becomes increasingly difficult, or if you spike a fever over 103 F, contact your doctor immediately.
  • If you have any questions or concerns, contact a physician or other health care professional before engaging in any activity related to health and diet. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment.
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