Once you know how artists mix colors to make a color wheel, you'll know how to make fuchsia -- a hue named after the flowers of the plant of the same name. All it takes to make the 12 colors that appear on the wheel are the three primary colors: red, yellow and blue. Using these three colors, you can mix red and blue in equal amounts to get purple, one of the three secondary colors and the base for making fuchsia, a red-purple color that ranges in tint from light pink-purple to dark red-purple.
The three primary colors are mixed in pairs to create the secondary colors on the wheel: orange, green and purple. To form the tertiary colors, you continue to mix red, yellow and blue individually with the secondary colors to form, red-orange, yellow-orange, yellow-green, red-purple, blue-purple and blue-green.
Tint, Tones and Shades
Artists use white, black and gray to tint, shade or tone colors. When you add white to a color you are tinting it to make it a lighter version or pastel hue. By adding white to red, you get pink. After mixing red with purple to make a red-purple or fuchsia color, add white to lighten it to the lighter pink-purple version. To darken it, add a bit more red to the purple or even a touch of black to get a darker fuchsia.
Mix to Make Fuchsia
At your local superstore or arts and crafts store, pick up the supplies you need to learn how to mix colors. Once you learn basic color theory, you will know how to mix and match colors in your home decor scheme to create the most eye-appealing arrangements.
Things You'll Need
- Acrylic paints, red, yellow, blue, white, black and gray
- Paper plate or artist's palette
- Artist paintbrush or palette knife
- Drawing paper
Squeeze out equal dollops of red, yellow, blue, white, black and gray around the edges of your paper plate or palette. Leave space in the middle for mixing colors.
Scoop up a small portion of red and an equal portion of blue. Mix them together with your artist's paintbrush or palette knife. If you've done it correctly, you should have a rich purple color.
Add in a small bit of white to lighten to a pink-purple color or fuchsia.
Add a bit more red to your original mixture to make the fuchsia more of a purple red.
Make the Color Wheel
Make an artist's color wheel to develop an even deeper understanding of the relationship between colors so that you can develop color schemes that work in your home.
Draw a large circle on the paper with the pencil.
Divide the circle into 12 equal wedge-shaped pie pieces.
Label each of the pie-shaped wedges on the outside edge beginning with the 12 o'clock position and moving clockwise: yellow, yellow-green, green, blue-green, blue, blue-purple, purple, red-purple, red, red-orange, orange, yellow-orange.
Put yellow into the 12 o'clock position, blue into the 4 o'clock position and red into the 8 o'clock position. These are the primary colors and their position on the color wheel.
Mix yellow and blue together in equal proportions -- it is halfway between these two colors. Repeat for blue and red and red and yellow, putting each color mixture halfway between the two primary colors used to make them: blue and red for purple, red and yellow for orange. These are the secondary colors. Note that each group of colors form an imaginary triangle on the color wheel if you run lines between them.
Add the colors needed to make the tertiary colors, yellow to green to make yellow-green, situated between yellow and green on the wheel. Continue this process around the wheel to make the tertiary colors: yellow-green, green-blue, blue-purple, red-purple, red-orange and yellow-orange.
A color wheel teaches you the colors that harmonize well with each other in home decor or room color schemes. The first group of color harmonies begin with complementary colors, the colors opposite each other on the wheel. Green and red complement each other; purple complements yellow, and blue complements orange.
Analogous colors are three colors that sit adjacent to each other on the wheel, such as yellow-green, green and blue-green; red, red-orange and orange and so on. In nature, analogous colors and even complementary color schemes appear -- with eye-pleasing results.
Triad color schemes use three colors that are equally spaced on the wheel. You can always change the hues by tinting with white, shading with black or toning with gray. To get brown, you mix complementary colors, red and green or blue and orange. Add white to make tan. Neutral colors run the gamut and include sands, light browns, beiges and multiple shades of gray.