How to Grow Italian Green Beans

Save

If you're a vegetable gardener who enjoys growing green beans (Phaseolus vulgaris), you can choose from dozens of different varieties, all flavorful when picked at their peak from a home garden. For a bean that's equally good picked young or at a more mature stage, try a flat-podded green bean variety. Often called Italian beans, the plants thrive and produce a heavy crop when given sun, well-drained soil and a bit of extra care.

Getting Started

Like all green beans, Italian beans are frost-sensitive and grow as annuals in all parts of the United States. If winter temperatures drop below freezing and spring is cool where you live, wait until all danger of frost has passed and your soil temperature is at least 60 degrees Fahrenheit, to ensure seed germination by eight to 10 days after planting.

You can choose Italian beans that grow as tall vines -- pole beans -- or as more upright plants -- bush beans. For example, a cultivar called 'Romano' is a pole bean that's 6 to 9 feet tall and yields beans in about 60 days, while a bush variety of 'Roma II' is only about 20 inches tall and takes 53 days to produce beans for harvest. If you grow a pole type, space seeds about 4 to 6 inches apart in rows, or plant in small hills, with four to six seeds per hill. Space rows about 3 feet apart and allow 30 inches between hills. For bush beans, plant in rows with 2 to 4 inches between seeds and 18 to 24 inches between rows. For any type, plant seeds about 1 inch deep and water well after planting.

Tip

  • For a steady harvest all season long, make successive plantings every three weeks until mid- to late-summer.

Sun, Soil and Water

For strong plants that produce a heavy crop of beans, choose a planting spot that gets full sun for most of the day. These plants grow in any type of garden soil that's well-drained and don't require fertilization. Instead of fertilizing, boost the soil's fertility by adding about 2 inches of compost to your planting area before seeding, mixing it into the soil well.

The plants do best when they receive even moisture. One inch of water each week, including rain, is ideal. Good moisture is especially important during blooming and when pods start forming, so provide extra water during dry spells. Water with a soaker hose or drip irrigation to keep foliage dry and prevent fungal growth. Adding about 2 inches of mulch under the plants also helps conserve soil moisture.

Warning

  • Bean plants have shallow roots, so control weeds by adding mulch rather than by cultivating, which could injure roots.

Other Requirements

If you grow pole-type Italian beans, provide a trellis or fence at least 5 feet tall to keep vines off the soil, but set this in place before planting to avoid damaging plant roots. The plants produce tendrils that naturally adhere to wire or string.

Tip

  • If garden space is scare or you have trouble bending over when harvesting, choose pole beans rather than bush beans.

Related Searches

Promoted By Zergnet

Comments

You May Also Like

  • Different Types of Green Beans

    Although their seed pods may look similar, green bean plants are usually categorized by their growth habit.

  • How to Grow Peruano Beans

    Beans grow in a wide range of cultivars and varieties, with bush, pole and half-runner varieties and snap, shelling and dry beans....

  • How to Grow Pole Beans

    One of the giants of the vegetable garden, annual pole beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) grow 5 to 10 feet tall or taller and...

  • How to Grow Green Beans

    Green beans need full sun, well-drained soil and frequent harvesting to keep crisp pods coming all season.

  • How to Blanch Italian Beans

    Italian beans are known by many names: Italian green beans, Italian flat beans, Italian string beans, Romano beans, runner beans and pole...

  • How to Grow Anasazi Beans

    Anasazi beans were first planted by the native people of the Four Corners region of the United States. Anasazi beans are versatile...

  • How to Grow Beans With Seeds

    Beans are one of the most popular vegetables to grow, according to the University of Minnesota. Instead of buying pre-started bean seedlings...

  • How to Plant Roma Beans

    Roma beans, also known as pole beans, are large, wide Italian green beans. These tender, warm-season vegetables are commonly grown in home...

Related Searches

Check It Out

How to Make a Vertical Clay Pot Garden

M
Is DIY in your DNA? Become part of our maker community.
Submit Your Work!