Occasionally dogs can get infections in their anal glands, which may be painful. If you notice your dog scooting its rear-end across the floor, chances are your dog has an anal infection. An infection is caused by a buildup of liquid in the anal sac that helps to soften the stool. If your dog has soft stools, the liquid begins to build up and cannot be released thus causing an infection. It is possible to treat at home if it is caught early enough, otherwise you may need to visit your veterinarian.
Express your dog’s anal glands. Expressing the anal glands only takes a minute or so and can prevent the infection, or help to begin the healing process, by expressing the glands. If you are not comfortable expressing your dog’s anal glands yourself, take your dog to a local groomer or veterinarian.
Visit your veterinarian if you notice blood or pus around the anus or mixed in the fluid that has been expressed from the anal glands. Your veterinarian will need to examine your dog to ensure that the anal gland has not ruptured from the fluid building up. The veterinarian may provide you with a topical ointment to reduce pain and swelling and help reduce the risk of an infection.
Visit your veterinarian for antibiotics. If your dog does have an infection, antibiotics are necessary to treat the infection. If your dog is not given antibiotics, the infection may spread and may later require surgery to remove the anal gland.