The largest tree fruit in the world, the jackfruit can weigh as much as 80 pounds and hold 500 seeds inside its skin. The tree is a relative of the breadfruit and, as a tropical plant, it thrives in hot and humid conditions, with young trees being unable to withstand any frost. Germinating jackfruit seeds requires a little preparation and patience. It takes up to two months for the seed to sprout.
- Large kitchen knife
- Small planter
- Potting mix, well-drained
- All-purpose organic fertilizer
Harvest a jackfruit from a tree with a history of healthy and abundant crops. Use a pair of loppers to cut the stem, which will leak a gluey substance. Have a clean rag with you to wrap the cut end, as the thick sap sticks to clothing permanently.
Get a large knife and cut the fruit open lengthwise. Remove a seed from the edible sac it comes in. Rinse the seed in the sink under running water to remove its slippery coating.
Immerse the seed in a bowl of hot water and let it soak for one day to speed germination.
Fill a small planter with a well-drained potting mix. Peat-moss-based blends with added perlite and vermiculite are good options. Make a 1-inch-deep hole in the center of the pot.
Place the seed in the planting hole flat and cover it with topsoil. Irrigate it until water runs out of the planter's drainage holes and the soil surface is entirely moist. Water the seed whenever the potting mix begins to dry.
Amend the potting mix with an all-purpose organic fertilizer to give the seedling a boost at germination. Apply it at the rate the brand's manufacturer recommends.
Water the seedling daily after germination until water flows out of the pot's drainage holes and the soil surface becomes entirely moist.
Transplant your jackfruit seedling to its permanent location when it becomes 8 inches tall. Place it in a well-drained site, rich in organic matter and in full sun.
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