How to Construct a Rationale Statement


Writing a rationale is an effective way to develop the teacher-student relationship. By explaining to his students the reasoning behind studying a particular novel or film, the teacher is able to involve the student and clarify what is expected of them. A rationale always should outline the educational significance of the work involved and explain how the teacher plans the work to be carried out.

  • Introduce the piece of work that will be studied. Include a bibliographical citation to assure students of the work's credibility.

  • Identify your target audience. Be specific; you should consider what age group you will be working with, and the level of ability that the work demands.

  • Indicate whether the work will be carried out as individual study, in pairs or as a group.

  • Summarize the work. Include a brief overview of the work, why you believe it to be important and what its educational significance is.

  • Explain how the selected piece of work relates to the program as a whole. You should justify your choice of this particular piece and how it fits in.

  • Explain the impact of the work. You should summarize how the piece of work is culturally significant and explain any impact that the work may have on the students.

  • Discuss any problems with the work that may arise. This allows you to offer reassurances to the students, which will give them the confidence to approach you if they encounter a problem.

  • Collect information about the work. Reviews, articles or journals can be used as resources, if necessary, and offer the students different opinions and readings of the work.

  • Suggest alternative works. This offers the student a chance to broaden her knowledge on a specific topic, using the alternative works to supplement their learning. Explain why these alternatives have been suggested.

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