Chlorine dioxide is a chemical compound that is a mixture of two chemical elements, and has the formula ClO2. It exists in the form of a yellowish-green gas, and at certain temperatures, this gas crystallizes as orange crystals -- typically around -59 °C. ClO2 is used chiefly in starch, soap, flour, and in water purification and paper bleaching. Chlorine dioxide is an explosive gas, therefore caution must be taken before handling the compound. Chlorine dioxide can also be very hard on the stomach and can cause nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Due to its unstable nature, it needs to be prepared immediately before use.
Things You'll Need
- glass beaker or container
- 10% citric acid or 50% citric acid
- 8 ounces of purified water
One Drop of Chlorine Dioxide
Put one drop of MMS in a small glass. You may want to ensure that the container in which you are mixing chlorine dioxide is made of glass.
Mix in five drops of 10% citric acid or one drop of 50% citric acid. Either one will acheive the same results.
Gently stir the solution periodically for three minutes.
Add 6 to 8 ounces of purified water and gently stir.
Two Drops of Chlorine Dioxide
Put two drops of MMS in a small glass.
Mix in ten drops of 10% citric acid or two drops of 50% citric acid.
Stir the solution periodically for three minutes.
Add 6 to 8 ounces of purified water.
Tips & Warnings
- Chlorine dioxide has many uses in industrial procedures and in medical science. Due to its unstable nature, you will need to throw away any remaining mixture because it will not be useful for more than two hours.
- Photo Credit Robert Houser/Photodisc/Getty Images
What Is Chlorine Dioxide?
Sir Humphrey Davy discovered chlorine dioxide in 1814. This versatile chemical has uses in hygiene, detoxification and the production of paper, but...
How to Make a Citric Acid Buffer Solution
Chemical buffers prevent sudden changes in a solution's acidity. Buffer solutions keep a certain pH level nearly constant during the course of...
How Do I Figure How Much Chlorine to Mix by the Volume of Water in a Pool?
Chlorine disinfects pool water by killing harmful micro-organisms such as algae, bacteria, viruses and fungi. Chlorine levels can rise and fall dramatically...
How to Make a Citric Acid Solution
One of the most common acids in the world, citric acid is responsible for giving fruits like lemons and limes their characteristic...
How to Mix Calcium Chloride and Water
Calcium chloride is a chemical compound made up of calcium ions and chlorine ions. The ions are held together by an ionic,...
How to Use Chlorine Dioxide
Chlorine dioxide is a powerful disinfectant, capable of killing viruses and other airborne pathogens. Its byproduct, chlorite, is bactericidal, providing additional protections...
How to Dissolve Iron Oxide with Citric Acid
In iron pipes, water and oxygen create an environment that produces rust. Rust gives off an unwanted taste to water and other...