How to Use Slax to Repair Windows XP That Will Not Boot

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When your Microsoft Windows system does not boot properly, the most common reason why involves file system errors. Using a Linux live distribution such as Slax, you can boot into the Linux operating system and use open source tools to check and repair your Windows partitions. Because Slax does not come with these modules installed by default, you will have to download or build them into Slax before attempting recovery.

  • Boot your Slax live CD, DVD or USB and connect to the Internet once you have done so. Launch your Web browser and navigate to the Slax website (see Resources). Click "Modules" and type in "ntfsprogs" before clicking "Search." Click "Activate" next to the ntfsprogs module to install it.

  • Launch a terminal window and execute the command "sudo fdisk -l" to view the connected file systems. Write down the device name for your Windows partition. It should look something like "/dev/sda1."

  • Execute the command "sudo ntfsfix /dev/sda1" in the terminal, where "/dev/sda1" is the device name for your Windows partition. This will check and fix common errors found on NTFS partitions and schedule a full disk check on your next reboot.

  • Reboot your computer, removing the Slax live CD, DVD or USB beforehand so that the computer can boot into Windows as it normally would. Windows will repair your disk errors and allow you to boot.

Tips & Warnings

  • Try mounting your Windows partition in Slax if your file system is irreparable. You may be able to read some files and perform a backup in Linux.
  • Do not use ntfsprogs if you are using a FAT partition.

References

  • Photo Credit Thinkstock Images/Comstock/Getty Images
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