How to Calculate Container Load

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By calculating container loads correctly, cargo space will not be unused or exceeded.
By calculating container loads correctly, cargo space will not be unused or exceeded. (Image: tcly/iStock/Getty Images)

Freight containers are used for transporting bulk cargo by road, air or sea. Containers can be loaded with goods such as boxes, cases, pallets, sacks and other cargo. The container’s capacity is rated by its cubic measurement as well as the maximum weight of the cargo it can carry. The internal capacity of the container is measured in cubic feet. This is calculated by multiplying the internal size of the container--the inside length, height and width. To maximize the amount of cargo that can be shipped inside a container or to avoid a shortage of space, it is important to correctly calculate the freight to be loaded.

Things You'll Need

  • Tape measure
  • Calculator
  • Weight scale

Calculate the cubic measurement of the cargo by multiplying the height, length and width of each item to be loaded. If measuring in feet, multiply the length, width and height of the item in feet to arrive at the total in cubic feet. If measuring in inches, multiply the length, width and height in inches, and divide the total by 1,728 to arrive at the figure in cubic feet.

Measure the cubic feet of like-sized items.
Measure the cubic feet of like-sized items. (Image: fruit boxes image by timur1970 from Fotolia.com)

Multiply the cubic foot total by the number of items of that size to go inside the container. Check the final cubic feet total of all cargo items against the cubic foot capacity of the container (see Resources).

Calculate the overall weight of the payload by multiplying the weight of each item to be loaded. Be sure not to exceed the maximum weight rating of the container (see Resources).

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