Plant Bermuda grass when the soil temperature is at least 65 degrees F. In Texas, this is from April to June, depending on your location. Bermuda grass is popular in lawns, sports fields and cattle fields. There are several types available for planting, each with different characteristics. Some hybrid varieties must be started by planting sections of existing plants, such as sod or sprigs. Other varieties can be started from seed. The key to successfully seeding a Bermuda grass lawn in Texas is properly preparing the planting area.
Things You'll Need
- Bermuda grass seed
- Soil test results
- Recommended soil amendments
- Herbicide containing glyphosate
Clear the planting area of all vegetation. Spray a contact herbicide that contains glyphosate over the planting area. Mix at the concentration level recommended on the herbicide container label; there are several different concentrations and brands of herbicides available containing glyphosate and the mixing requirements are different for each one. The vegetation should begin to decline in three days. If some of the vegetation is not affected, reapply the herbicide to those plants rather than respraying the entire planting area.
Clear the area of all dead vegetation after two weeks using a hoe, shovel or mechanical device.
Apply the necessary soil amendments recommended by your soil test as well as a 1-inch layer of compost.
Work the amendments into the top 6 inches of soil by using a hoe, shovel or tiller. This will allow the shallow roots of the new Bermuda grass to reach the amendments. Rake the area smooth and sprinkle it with water so it is just barely moist, but not wet.
Broadcast the Bermuda grass seed at the rate of 1 lb. per 1000 square feet according to the Texas Cooperative Extension Service.
Sprinkle the area with water and keep it damp, but not wet, until it is actively growing and forms a dense turf. Withhold water for two to three days before mowing to prevent foot prints or lawnmower tracks from forming in the soft ground.
Tips & Warnings
- Take a soil test to find out what amendments are needed for your new Bermuda grass. A soil test is important because it tells you exactly what amendments, such as nitrogen, are needed for optimal growth. If you add soil amendments without knowing the right amount to add, you may damage the health of your soil so nothing will grow. Every county in Texas has an extension office that will assist you with a soil test. Results are returned in about two to three weeks.
- Photo Credit grass seed image by Alison Bowden from Fotolia.com
Bermuda Grass Care in Texas
A summary of mowing, fertilizing, watering, thatch removal and controlling insects and disease of Bermuda grass in Texas.
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