How to Grow a Habanero Pepper

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Grow your own habanero peppers instead of purchasing them from a store.
Grow your own habanero peppers instead of purchasing them from a store. (Image: Habaneros Chili image by roger from Fotolia.com)

Habanero peppers are some of the hottest peppers in the world. The peppers grow to a length of 1 to 2 1/2 inches, and they appear red or orange in color. These peppers commonly grow in areas like Mexico, Costa Rice and Belize. You can grow the seeds indoors, outdoors or in a greenhouse. Habanero peppers add spice to many dishes, and you can preserve them to enjoy the spicy peppers year-round.

Things You'll Need

  • Bowl
  • Warm water
  • Soil
  • Vermiculite
  • Sand
  • Seed tray with drainage holes
  • Clear plastic wrap
  • Soil thermometer
  • 6-inch growing pot

Prepare the habanero seeds six to 10 weeks before the last frost. Place the habanero pepper seeds in a bowl. Fill the bowl with warm water and allow them to soak overnight.

Mix an equal amount of soil, vermiculite and sand. Fill a seed tray that has drainage holes with this medium.

Sow the seeds ¼ inch deep and 1 inch apart. Water the soil to keep it moist. Place clear plastic wrap over the seed tray to cover them.

Set the seeds in a sunny windowsill in bright and indirect sunlight. The soil temperature needs to remain between 75 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit.

Water the seeds to moisten the soil when it feels dry. Once the seeds germinate, remove the plastic wrap from the seed tray. This can take up to six weeks to occur.

Thin out the weakest seedlings after they have grown two sets of true leaves.

Transplant the pepper seedlings to their own individual 6-inch growing pots. Continue to water the habanero peppers and keep them in a warm location.

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