How do I Treat Hog Lice?

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Pigs with lice can suffer with painful skin irritation.
Pigs with lice can suffer with painful skin irritation. (Image: pig image by Leonid Nyshko from Fotolia.com)

Hog lice are the largest blood-sucking parasites found on pigs, and infest both wild and domestic species. These pests can be found in the folds of skin on a swine’s neck, jowls, ears, flanks and legs. A swine infected with hog lice will scratch or rub itself to the point of causing sore, thickened and cracked skin. Initially, your entire herd should be treated with preventative medications for hog lice. However, if a pig is infested with lice, quick treatment is important so it doesn’t spread to others in the herd.

Things You'll Need

  • Chemical parasite treatment
  • Safety gloves
  • Protective goggles

Remove or empty any feeding equipment or watering stations so residue from powder or spray medications doesn’t get into the pigs' food or water.

Put on protective gear, such as gloves and goggles .

Administer the chemical parasite treatment according to the label’s specifications and ensure that the animal is completely coated in the medication. Also treat any surfaces that the animal regularly comes in contact with, such as floors, walls or other equipment.

Apply a second treatment five to 21 days later if you used a spray application.

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