How to Plant Flower Seeds in Pots


Container gardens are ideal for today’s gardeners with limited growing space. Containers can be placed on patios and balconies, in full sun or even full shade. Perennials, flowers that live longer than a year, annuals, or a combination of the two can be grown in container gardens. Containers can even be used for flowers that wouldn’t normally grow in your hardiness zone. Growing flowers from seed may take some patience and planning, but when the plants mature, they’ll reward you with a container full of color.

Things You'll Need

  • Container
  • Garden soil
  • Garden trowel
  • Hand-held cultivator
  • Packing peanuts or similar medium
  • Place your container where it will get the appropriate amount of sunlight and water. Fill the container to within 2 inches of its lip with good-quality potting soil. Fill the bottom 1/3 of larger containers with packing peanuts or some other non-biodegradable material to reduce the weight of the container.

  • Break up any large clumps of earth in your container and rake smooth with a handheld cultivator or the back of a gardening trowel. Water the soil so that it’s moist but not wet.

  • Plant your seeds twice as deep as the seed is wide. Cover with a fine layer of garden soil. Tap the soil over the seeds. Gently sprinkle water until the soil is moist, but not wet. If you add too much water, you will risk moving the seeds. Keep the soil moist until the seeds germinate.

Tips & Warnings

  • When choosing a container for your garden, consider not only the appearance of the container but from what it’s made. Terra cotta or clay containers are porous. Water evaporates through the pot. This can led to drying soil. Metal containers are susceptible to temperature fluctuations. Wooden containers are prone to decay. Whatever type of container you choose, it must have good drainage. The container should be large enough to accommodate the plant’s roots.
  • You can grow one type of flower or plant in your container or a living bouquet. If you plant more than one variety, they must grow in similar moisture and light exposure conditions. The general acceptable structure is to use three types of plants. Thriller plants, such as flax and dracaena, add height to a container. Filler plants are generally bushy and fill out a container garden, such as hosta. Nasturtium and potato vine are examples of spiller plants as they drape over the sides of the container.

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  • Photo Credit spikes & flowers image by Tracy Horning from
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