How to Teach Texture Art


Texture is one of the seven elements of art; line, shape, form, space, value and color are the others. Show students the variety of textures that surround them everyday. Let them pick out smooth, rough, bumpy and grainy textures in the objects around them. Explain that texture is depicted both literally and figuratively in pieces of art. Sculpture and fabric art will often have a texture that can be felt, while paintings often have a visual feel that may or may not be present when touched. Using crayon rubbings, have students find textures and use them to represent something completely different.

Things You'll Need

  • Paper
  • Crayons
  • Animal stencils
  • Scissors
  • Glue
  • Foam core sheets (optional)
  • Show students how to make texture rubbings. Place a piece of white paper over a textured surface. Then, using the side of a crayon, make long strokes across the page. Objects can be placed on a table, such as scraps of bumpy fabric, coins or corrugated cardboard for the students to experiment.

    Let them create rubbings of a variety of everyday surfaces such as clothing, walls, trees. Use several colors when making rubbings. This collection of rubbings will be their texture references.

  • Use stencils to draw animal shapes on blank pieces of paper. Alternately, they can make larger line drawings of animals. Consider domestic animal shapes like cats, dogs, guinea pigs and rabbits, as well as wild animals like tigers, cheetahs, giraffes and birds.

  • Decide what colors to use for your animal of choice. Have students look through their rubbings to see which of the choices will best illustrate the animal's fur or feathers. Do a rubbing in the interior of their line drawing with the colors and texture they chose.

  • Using another blank sheet of paper, the students can make a textured background setting for their animal. Encourage them to be creative and look for textures that represent the habitat of their animal. Elements that they cannot find, such as grass or tree shapes can be cut from card stock and placed under their paper to create original textured rubbings.

  • Place the animals in their setting. Cut and paste into position. Consider adding pieces of foam core to the back of the animal before gluing in place. Cut small half-inch or smaller pieces of foam core. Use a glue stick to adhere the back of the cut out animal. This will give the picture a 3D effect.

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