Israeli people speak Hebrew. The written Hebrew language is difficult for most casual English observers to understand. The characters are different from the standard English alphabet, with symbols based on a script that dates back to the 11th century B.C. However, writing common Hebrew words and phrases in English characters can help with pronunciation and understanding. Prepare a few choice words and phrases before visiting Israel. While many locals have a good grasp of English, it's polite and respectful to learn even a few words of the local language.
Use "chaver" to refer to a male friend. Pronounce "chaver" "shah-vehr." If speaking about a group of male friends, or a mixed gender group, say "chaverim," pronounced "shah-ver-im." Say "shalom chaverim" to greet a group of people, as this means "hello friends."
Refer to a female friend as "chaverah," pronounced "shah-ver-ah." When you're talking about a group of female friends, use "chaverot," pronounced "shah-ver-oh."
Greet a friend or acquaintance with the phrase "alo haver." This is an informal way of saying "hello, friend" in Hebrew.
Try saying "ata medaber Anglit?" if you can't remember a particular Hebrew word or can't follow a conversation. It means, "Do you speak English?"