Frog ponds should be built in a partly shady, partly sunny area of a yard, with plenty of moisture, shelter and food available. These ponds can be built in small or large yards, as frog ponds are very versatile. However, frog ponds can be quite noisy, so you may not want to build the pond too close to your home. Creating your frog pond near a compost heap will provide the frogs access to insects and worms. Planting shrubs around the pond will give the frogs hiding spots from predators and shelter from the elements.
Things You'll Need
- Spray paint
- Carpenter's level
- Dirt tamper
- Wet sand
- Pond liner
- Garden hose
- Potted plants
Decide the location for your frog pond, and then lay a rope around the outline of the pond to determine the pond's shape. Mark the outline of the pond on the ground with spray paint.
Remove the rope, and then use a shovel to begin removing topsoil 3 inches outside of your outline. Keep the topsoil off to the side so that you can use it later.
Begin digging the middle of the pond with your shovel, working outward to form 30-degree angle slopes. Dig one end of the pond slightly over 3 feet deep for frogs to survive in the winter; the rest of the pond should progressively become shallower.
Lay a board across the width of one end of the pond, and then place a carpenter's level on the board to ensure the pond is level. If the pond is not level, add the topsoil you previously set aside to the pond sides until the pond is level.
Remove sharp objects, such as roots and branches, from the pond area. Press the soil in the pond floor down with a dirt tamper until the soil is hard.
Cover the entire pond bed with a 2-inch layer of wet sand. Inspect the pond liner for holes, and then lay the liner in the pond. Place rocks around the edges of the liner to prevent the liner from moving.
Fill the pond with tap water from a garden hose, and then place a 6-inch layer of dirt around the edges of the pond liner. Allow the water in the pond to set for three days to evaporate the chlorine in the water.
Place potted plants native to your area around the perimeter of the pond, as well as in the pond. A layer of gravel should be placed over the emerged and submerged plants' soil to hold the soil in place. Place logs around the pond and allow grasses to grow up around the pond to provide a natural habitat.
Tips & Warnings
- Do not build your frog pond directly under a tree, as some tree leaves are poisonous to frogs.
- Photo Credit Frog in the pond. image by J3TPhotos from Fotolia.com
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