How to Grow Grape Vines at Home

Save

Grapes can be grown for many end products, including jam, jelly, juice, wine and fresh eating. They can be grown in many climates, depending on the variety. Each variety has assets and weaknesses and you should do some research before choosing which variety to plant. An extension educator or nursery employee can help you make a decision. Locally owned nurseries usually carry varieties that are suited to the local climate, so your biggest decision is finding one that will suit your needs.

Things You'll Need

  • Spade
  • Pruning shears
  • Trellis or strong stake
  • Choose a site for planting the grapes. The site should provide full sunlight and high temperatures, so avoid north-facing slopes, shaded areas and low-lying areas. The soil should be well-drained, but grapes can thrive in a variety of soil types.

  • Cut off all the canes except the most vigorous one.

  • Dig a hole large enough to accommodate the entire root system without bending the roots, as soon as the soil can be worked in the spring. The vines should be planted as deep as they were planted in the nursery. Vines should be planted six to eight feet apart.

  • Cover the roots completely with soil, and fill the hole to the same level the soil was in the nursery.

  • Cut the one remaining cane back so only two strong buds remain.

  • Train the strongest cane onto a trellis or strong pole that is about five feet tall.

  • Cut back any suckers that appear at the base of the plant. The March after planting, cut back the weaker cane. If neither cane is three feet tall, cut both canes back, leaving two buds to sprout.

  • Apply nitrogen two weeks after planting at a rate of one pound of 10-6-4 fertilizer per plant. Reapply at the same rate early every spring before new growth begins.

  • Train plants to grow vertically on a stake, then horizontally on wires stretched between posts, or on a trellis. Use flexible ties, such as cotton strips, to loosely attach the vines to the wires or trellis. If using two wires, prune all growth between the wires, so the only horizontal growth is along those two wires.

  • Train tender varieties, or those that are not cold-hardy, to grow similar to cold-hardy varieties, but prune them to one strong trunk that you will remove from the trellis every fall.

  • Bend the trunk down and cover with six to eight inches of soil or mulch. Do this for tender varieties in the fall after foliage has dropped.

  • Uncover the grapevines in early spring, mid-April in colder climates, and tie them back onto the support.

  • Pick the grapes when they are ripe. Determine ripeness by taste more than color because the color will change long before the grapes are ready for harvest. They will not continue to ripen once picked.

Tips & Warnings

  • Protect your grapes from birds with netting if necessary.

References

  • Photo Credit grapes on vine image by Tracy Horning from Fotolia.com
Promoted By Zergnet

Comments

Resources

You May Also Like

  • How Fast Do Grape Vines Grow?

    From wine to raisins to the grape juice kids drink out of sippy cups, grapes provide a large assortment of foodstuffs, beverages...

  • How to Grow Grapes

    With their lush foliage and prolific fruiting, [grape vines](http://www.ehow.com/how_12340769_types-grapes.html) (Vitis spp.) marry ornamental and useful traits into one versatile, low-maintenance plant. Grape...

  • How to Prune a Grape Vine

    Because grapevines (Vitis spp.) tend to grow so vigorously, pruning back your grapevine may seem like a daunting prospect. The fact that...

  • How to Start Growing Grapes

    If you're new to growing grapes these tips will give you the basics of getting started. The focus of this guidance is...

  • How to Grow Grapes for Profit

    It can take up to 4 years to produce a profitable harvest of grapes. All you need is plenty of sun, water,...

  • How to Grow Vines Indoors

    Indoor plant vines are great for home decorating and will add great color to any dull room. They look great spread out...

  • How to Grow Muscadine Grapes From Seed

    Native to Florida and the southern portion of the U.S., muscadine grapes grow in small clusters. Most grape farmers use muscadine grapes...

  • How to Grow Grapevines in New England

    Traditionally, the states east of New York State comprise the region known as New England. Grapes (Vitis spp.) grow well in this...

  • How to Grow Grapes at Home

    All the basic information for growing grapes just about anywhere in the United States includes planting, fertilizer, watering and spacing.

Related Searches

Check It Out

How to Make a Vertical Clay Pot Garden

M
Is DIY in your DNA? Become part of our maker community.
Submit Your Work!