Peppers are a popular plant for the home vegetable garden. The three most common varieties of peppers are bell peppers, hot peppers and sweet peppers. Although peppers are relatively easy to grow, several factors can result in low fruit production. If you want to get your green pepper plants to produce more, be vigilant with their care.
Things You'll Need
- Balanced fertilizer
- Pruning shears
Monitor temperatures. Peppers prefer warm whether, so avoid planting them until after the last frost of the season and cover them if frost is expected. Some varieties suffer during extended periods of extreme heat as well and require shading. Optimal temperatures for growing peppers range from roughly 70 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit.
Provide proper nutrients. Fertilizer rich in nitrogen will result in a leafy, healthy plant but won't yield much fruit. Use a phosphorus and potassium-rich fertilizer as the plants begin to develop.
Remove the first few flower buds. This allows the plant to develop more before it begins producing fruit and sometimes results in higher fruit production.
Pick often. Picking fruits as they ripen encourages the plant to begin producing more fruit.
Prune the plants. Moderate pruning in the late summer or early fall sometimes extends fruit production, but prune with care. Severe pruning damages the plant.
Tips & Warnings
- Fruit production from any plant requires the right conditions. Low fruit production may be a result of inadequate watering or sunlight.
- Photo Credit Grow Your Own Peppers image by T^i^ from Fotolia.com
How to Prune Peppers
Pepper plants (Capsicum spp.) are simple to grow and produce fruits in a multitude of shapes, sizes, colors and flavors. Plants in...
How to Prune Bell Pepper Plants
Pepper plants grow in full sun in virtually every growing zone. Prune them early in the season to improve fruit quality and...
How Long Does It Take for a Green Pepper Plant to Produce?
Green peppers are often referred to as sweet or bell peppers and come in many varieties. Pepper plants originated in tropical areas...
How to Prune Pepper Plants
Pepper plants require occasional pruning when a few leaves begin to brown or decay. Trim off dead leaves all the way to...