The CHKDSK operation on your Windows computer will scan your computer's hard drive to verify your files, fix errors and recover orphaned files. Orphaned files are files that have a file record but are not assigned to any file folders. By recovering these files, you'll restore them to the original folders they came from.
Open a command prompt on your computer by pressing the "Start" button, selecting "Run," typing "cmd" (without quotes) into the Run window and pressing "Enter" on your keyboard.
Type "chkdsk X: /f" (without quotes) where "X" is the drive letter of the hard disk you want to check for orphaned files.
Press the "Enter" key after entering the command. The computer will start the CHKDSK process. This process may take several minutes or several hours to finish, depending on the size of your hard drive and the number of files that are on it. Once finished, however, any orphaned files on the drive will be recovered.
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