How to Reduce a Dislocated Jaw

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Reduce a Dislocated Jaw
Reduce a Dislocated Jaw

How to Reduce a Dislocated Jaw. The jaw may slip out of its socket during sleep if the muscles become relaxed due to alcohol or sleeping pills. In remote settings, it may be necessary to put the jaw back in line ("reduce" it) so that the injured person can eat.

Things You'll Need

  • Rubber Or Latex Gloves
  • Guaze

Preparation

Calm the injured person down.

Determine quickly whether or not reducing the dislocation (putting the bones back in line) is necessary (see "How to Decide Whether or Not to Reduce a Dislocation").

If reduction of the dislocation is necessary, calmly walk the injured person through each step, securing the person's agreement and cooperation.

Reduction

Put on latex gloves to prevent the transmission of infectious diseases.

Wrap both of your thumbs with gauze or some other form of padding and tape the padding in place. This will prevent the injured person from biting your thumbs when the jaw pops back into place.

Insert both thumbs into the injured person's mouth.

Press on the lower back molars using a great deal of force and a downward motion. Force is necessary to overcome muscle spasms.

Monitor pain in the joint (just in front of the ear) after the jaw has popped back in place. If pain persists, the jaw might be fractured, and you will need to consult a physician.

Tips & Warnings

  • Reducing dislocations is risky because vessels may be damaged when bones and joints are manipulated. Current opinion is that reducing a dislocation is advised in remote settings to prevent further injury to the joint and limbs. Reduction of dislocations should be carried out by those with proper training. Enroll in a first aid class or consult a trained medical professional before attempting this procedure.
  • This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment.

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