Fruit trees are difficult to grow from cuttings as horticulturists warn that the cutting may not produce the fruit variety of the parent plant. Usually fruit trees including pear trees are grafted, but grafting is a rather scientific process that requires several different species of tree and a lot of time. It is possible to propagate pear trees from cuttings without much difficulty if the cuttings are selected and rooted properly. A good rooting hormone and adequate moisture are keys in successfully rooting pear tree cuttings.
Things You'll Need
- Small sharp garden clippers
- Large plastic cup
- Rooting hormone
- Clear plastic wrap
- Rubber band (optional)
- Sunny, warm location
Identify a new shoot growing from the tip of a pear tree branch and snip it off at a 45-degree angle 6 inches from the tip with small sharp garden snippers.
Remove all the leaves but the smallest leaves at the top portion of the cutting.
Mix equal parts perlite and vermiculite in a large plastic cup and then add enough water to make the mixture moist but not saturated.
Dip the snipped end of the cutting in rooting hormone and tap off any excess.
Make a 1-inch-deep hole in the center of the potting mixture with your finger and set the cutting into it, being careful not to knock off the rooting hormone. Firm the potting mix around the cutting.
Tent clear plastic wrap loosely over the cutting and wrap the plastic wrap around the bottom of the cup to seal the environment inside the cup. Alternatively, use a rubber band around the plastic just under the lip of the cup to seal the plastic wrap to the cup.
Place the cup and cutting on a windowsill in indirect sunlight and allow the cutting to root for two weeks.
Mist to keep the soil moist if it looks like it is drying out. Otherwise keep the plastic sealed to the cup so condensate develops inside and maintains the cutting's environment, as with a terrarium.
Tug gently on the cutting after two weeks and test for resistance, which means roots have developed and the rooting of the cutting was successful.
- Photo Credit pear image by Andrzej Włodarczyk from Fotolia.com