Building a farm pond can be helpful regardless of what you do with your farm. Whether you are raising livestock, growing vegetables or just creating a pastoral location for relaxation and recreation, having a natural reservoir can be a useful resource and offer protection against drought. Damming is the fastest way to build a farm pond, and doing so is easy, but it will require some heavy machinery and a little common sense in order for you to do it right.
Things You'll Need
- Several truckloads of heavy clay soil
- Deep-rooting grasses and trees
Determine a suitable location for your farm pond. Fortunately, good earth for ponds is bad earth for agriculture: You'll be looking for soil that has heavy clay content and poor drainage qualities. Ideally, you want your pond to be located in a very low point on your property so that it collects runoff from rains. In this way, your pond may help solve certain water drainage problems on your land.
Consider the uses you'll have for your pond before beginning, as you'll want to dig the pond to a suitable depth for your purposes. If you want to stock the pond with fish, you'll need to dig it to a depth of 12 to 15 feet. If you just want a shallow water reservoir for cattle hydration and water collection, 3 to 5 feet should do.
Use the bulldozer to push the earth from the highest point of the pond down to the lowest point. By damming your pond this way, you'll double your efforts by creating a natural bank on the high side when you remove the earth and building up the low side with it. Removing 6 feet from the high point and building up the low point can thus create a pond with a 12-foot depth. Otherwise, you'd have to dig straight down 12 feet to get similar results.
Dig the pond a foot or so deeper than you ultimately desire, and then evenly disperse several truckloads of clay soil throughout the pond bed. You can skip this step if you have particularly high amounts of clay naturally present in your soil. If you do not, however, this will significantly aid water retention over the long term. Make sure to compact the clay thoroughly after addition so as to compact the surface.
Plant deep-rooting grasses and trees on the backside of the dam to prevent erosion. Depending on the depth and size of the dam, you may also want to reinforce the base on the backside with heavy boulders delivered from a local quarry or building development.
- Photo Credit Jupiterimages/Photos.com/Getty Images
How to Build a Simple Dam & Spillway for a Pond
Dams are usually the most attractive features of ponds. They add a sense of life to the tranquility of a body of...
How to Build a Farm Pond
A farm pond provides a source of water for farm animals, fish for eating and recreation if properly built and maintained. Using...
How To Construct A Farm Pond: Step-By-Step Manual
Just about every farm has a pond somewhere on its property. Usually, they did not have a farm and then make a...
How to Repair a Leaking Dam in a Farm Pond
Damming is one of the easiest ways to create a large pond. By using excess dirt from the pond dig to shore...
How to Dam a Ravine to Make a Pond
Since ponds can be so useful to landowners for a variety of reasons, the impetus to make them where they do not...
How to Build Dams With Rock & Soil
Building your own dam out of soil and rock can be a great way to increase the value of your property by...
How to Build a Dam Across a Gully to Form a Pond
Gully dams, or check dams, are a typical method for building farm ponds and accomplish two complementary objectives. First of all, they...
Dam-Building Techniques for Ponds
Whether you want to build your own swimming and fishing hole or water livestock, a pond can be a functional and beautiful...