Taking a concrete basement floor from drab to dapper isn’t as easy as simply rolling on a coat of paint. Like any painting job, if the surface isn’t prepared properly, the paint is likely to peel. However, with a minimal amount of preparation work, which includes using muriatic acid to etch the surface, you can turn any boring concrete floor into the exciting and lasting color of your choice.
Things You'll Need
- Muriatic acid
- Scrub brush
- Rubber gloves and boots
- Respirator (if poor ventilation)
Sweep and/or scrape debris and dirt from the floor. Pressure wash the surface if possible to speed up the process.
Clean the basement floor with a solution made of one part bleach, one part water. Liberally scrub the cleaner onto the floor with a stiff brush, but don’t forget to mop up the solution and rinse the floor often.
Allow the floor to dry, using floor fans if possible.
Prepare the Acid Solution
Open windows and doors if possible to increase ventilation and decrease drying time.
Cover your hands with rubber gloves, shoes with rubber boots, eyes with plastic goggles, and nose and mouth with a respirator if you’re in a poorly ventilated area, such as a basement. Muriatic Acid has the distinct smell of rotten eggs.
Mix three quarts of water with one quart of muriatic acid to make a gallon of the etching solution. This will likely cover 100 square feet.
Apply Muriatic Acid
Working with a different scrub brush than you used with the bleach and water solution, scrub the muriatic acid solution into the floor. It’s normal for the solution to bubble, but wait until the bubbling ends before rinsing the floor. Rinse the floor at least twice and allow it to dry.
Vacuum up the white, powdery residue left on the basement floor, and use a wet mop to gather the rest. The residue contains at least part of the basement floor and the remainder of the muriatic acid which acts like sandpaper does to wood, skimming off the top layer to allow for better paint adhesion.
Allow the floor to dry and then apply the paint of your choice to the basement floor. Urethane latex floor paints are believed by many to be a top choice for homeowners because of quick drying time, soap and water clean up, durability, and breathability.
- Photo Credit Hemera Technologies/AbleStock.com/Getty Images
How to Acid-Etch Stain Concrete Floors
Acid-etch staining is a process that many homeowners and commercial builders use to enhance the color and appearance of concrete flooring. This...
How to Acid-Wash a Basement Floor
Many homeowners lack a finished basement. Unfortunately, over time, unfinished basements can begin to feel damp. Lime buildup on the basement's concrete...
How to Remove Paint From Concrete With Muriatic Acid
Removing paint from concrete can be a troublesome project. Concrete is porous and rough, creating a textured surface to which paint easily...
How to Prep a Basement Floor for Paint
Typically, an unfinished basement floor is made of concrete. While concrete is a practical material for a house's foundation, it isn't a...
Muriatic Acid Cleaning
Muriatic acid is used most often used on concrete and masonry. This chemical is dangerous and must be used with extreme caution....