How to Draw Interior Designs

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Sketch your own floor plan for an interior room or an outdoor patio by learning how to draw a graph of the area that is scaled to size. Being able to see a traffic pattern, light placement and furniture in proportion to your space will give your room a professional look. Purchasing a new piece of furniture is never a good idea unless you have determined that the room will accept the added piece. By using your blueprint you may find that something will have to go in order to make your new purchase fit into your room.

Things You'll Need

  • Measuring tape
  • Pencil
  • Grid paper
  • Ruler
  • Thin cardboard or construction paper
  • Scissors

Drawing Professional Looking Interior Designs

  • Measure the length and width of your room or area with a measuring tape. Using your ruler, transfer measurements onto the grid paper by using the standard downsized scale of 1/4 inch=12 inches or 1 foot. This will simplify the drawing process as each grid box is 1/4-inch square. Draw the outline of the entire room on the grid paper. For example, if your room is 10 feet by 12 feet, the room square on the grid paper would be 10 grid boxes by 12 grid boxes to transform the size to a 1/4-inch scale.

  • Measure any doors and windows and determine where to place them on your drawing. For windows, use a double line. For doors, draw a 45-degree angled line that represents the door and the direction that it swings. Include any architectural obstacles such as a fireplace or dormers. Make a straight, bold line for any heat registers or cold air ducts that cannot be covered. Indicate on your room drawing any electrical outlets. This may not seem important but you will see why they are as you plan your furnishings.

  • Measure the length and width of each piece of furniture that you will be placing in your room. Using thin cardboard or construction paper, make a furniture template according to the measurements with the same standard downsized scale that was used for the room outline. When you have all of your templates cut out, place in different positions in your room.

  • Begin placing your cut out furniture around your room. You will probably immediately see how something doesn't look quite right. Pay attention to the traffic pattern and if you have to walk around any pieces of furniture. Notice the windows and how the light will flow in on a TV screen or a favorite painting on a wall. Situate the lighting so there are no dark spots and make sure that your lamps are located close to outlets.

  • When you can see a room from a bird's-eye view, it is much easier to place furniture where it will look and function best. This procedure is very helpful when moving to a new home. No longer will you have to wonder how your furniture will look. By drawing a professional interior design graph, you will know.

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