Glucosamine is an essential molecule that is used for the growth of cartilage and connective tissue. Our body takes some glucose from a well-balanced diet and synthesizes fructose-6-phosphate, a type of sugar. An amino acid and some of the fructose-6-phosphate is converted to glucosamine-6-phoshate, which later is sythesized into glucosamine. This process in the body is called the hexosamine pathway. Glucosamine is also found in the shells of crustaceans, and can be processed synthetically from the cell walls of fungi. Due to the risk of insulin resistance or diabetes, consuming a large amount of glucose is not a wise choice for the purpose of stimuating the synthesis of glucosamine. No edible food sources contain glucosamine, but several natural dietary supplements are available, most of these supplements are derived from sea shells or fungi. People who suffer from arthritis or inflammatory bowel disease may often find that taking glucosamine supplements is helpful.
Things You'll Need
- Glucosamine oral tablets (glucosamine sulfate, glucosamine hydrochloride, and n-acetyl glucosamine)
- Glass of water
- N-acetyl glucosamine injections
- chicken marrow
Ask your doctor whether glucosamine supplements will be useful for your needs. Be sure to ask about the forms of glucosamine available. If you have arthritis you may choose to have your physician inject glucosamine locally into an infected joint.
Find oral tablets of glucosamine at your local drug or grocery store. If you are allergic to shellfish, find a form of glucosamine that does not use shellfish in its production. Glucosamine hydrochloride is the form that has been found to be the most effective. Take 1,500 mg with a glass of water for 30 to 90 days.
Choose an n-acetly-glucosamine supplement or enema if you are using a glucosamine supplement for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease.
Another natural source of glucosamine is from animal marrow. Boil chicken bones in water to make a broth. Consume the broth on a weekly basis to reap the benefits.
Tips & Warnings
- You may need to take glucosamine for more than 90 days in order to effectively treat arthritis.
- Some preliminary studies have found that glucosamine can raise blood sugar levels. If you have diabetes or hyperglycemia, talk to a health professional before taking glucosamine.
- Glucosamine is safe and nontoxic, but has the potential to interact with other trugs. Inform your physician of all drugs and supplements you are taking before adding a new supplement to your diet.
- If you have diabetes, glucosamine can interfere with the absorption of insulin.
- Some forms of glucosamine contain potassium or sodium, so if you are on a restricted diet be sure to check the label.
- If you are allergic to shellfish or sulfur talk to a health care professional be choosing a supplement.
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