Hyperpigmentation occurs when some parts of the skin become darker than the area around them. This is caused by the over secretion of melanin, a natural pigment in the body. The primary cause of hyperpigmentation is sun damage. Other causes of hyperpigmentation can be pregnancy or use of birth control pills. Many skin products contain hydroquinone, which will worsen this condition. Persons with hyperpigmentation should avoid products containing this substance.
Oatmeal Exfoliater Exfoliating the skin with equal parts brown sugar, milk and oatmeal is useful in ridding the skin of dead cells and can lighten spots with pigmentation caused by the sun.
White Vinegar Clean the face with white vinegar diluted in water, rinse, and then let the skin dry naturally. The acetic acid in vinegar helps to reduce the dark coloring.
Fruit and Vegetable Juice Lemon juice and tomato juice are both home remedies for hyperpigmentation. They are so acidic that they dissolve the upper layers of the skin and remove the tan spots.
Almonds Almonds are one of the best cures for tan spots. Soak the almonds overnight and grind them into a paste by adding milk. Apply the paste to the dark spots.
Sunscreen Use of sunscreens of at least a protective factor of 15 is the first step in preventing hyperpigmentation. Once should always apply sunscreen when going outdoors. The sun is harsh on the skin even during the cold months of the year.