During remodeling it is often necessary to attach wood members to steel beams. The main purpose for attaching wood directly to steel is to secure walls and to build a framework for drywall, trim or other finish wall coverings. Basements are especially known for their metal posts and beams, and knowing how to attach wood members to them while remodeling is a necessary skill.
Things You'll Need
- Powder-actuated tool
- Metal pins (nails)
Attaching Wood to Steel
Load a strip of charges or a single charge into the powder-actuated tool. A powder-actuated tool is a nail gun powered by a gun powder-filled charge that looks similar to a 22-caliber round without the bullet on the end. The most common charges used are red, yellow and green coded shells (different brands vary in colors). A red-coded charge is stronger than a green-coded charge. Each powder-actuated tool is a little different, but most often the charges are slid into the handle or another single shot entry point. Refer to your owners manual for the specifics of your gun.
Ready the powder-actuated tool by briskly pulling and extending the end of the barrel and returning it to its normal position. (Keep your hand close to the end to keep your fingers from being pinched.)
Load a steel pin into the powder-actuated tool by sliding it in the end of the barrel until the plastic sleeve of the steel pin is fully in the barrel with the point exposed. The length of the nail should be the thickness of the wood plus the thickness of the steel and 1/4-inch for the point.
Hold the wood flat against the beam and press the powder-actuated tool firmly against the wood so that the spring-loaded end is completely compressed and pull the trigger. The tool will not fire unless the spring is completely compressed.
Tips & Warnings
- Start with a lighter charge and work up to the load that works best. Excessive charges may damage the tool.
- Wearing safety glasses and hearing protection is very important. Powder-actuated tools are very loud and even louder when nailing into steel. Handle these guns as you would a firearm and keep others a safe distance from its line of fire.
How to Attach Wood to a Steel Frame Building
Framing a building with wood or steel is no easy task, and usually takes a team of talented and skilled laborers to...
How to Attach Wood Trim to Metal Studs
Many living areas are built with metal studs, which creates a challenge when no wood backing was initially installed. Though there are...
How to Attach 2X4 Wood to T Posts
Two-by-four wood is a common size of dimensional lumber. T-posts are used in general framing applications. There are different methods for attaching...
How to Fasten Wood to a Steel Beam
Steel beams are a sturdy and durable way to frame a building; however, wood is often needed for trim, door frames and...
How to Fasten Wood to Metal Studs
Steel studs are used for many applications, particularly as the framework for basements in areas with high flooding. These metal studs can...
How to Attach Wood to a Steel I-beam
When you want to attach wood to a steel I-beam, there are two acceptable ways to do it. The first and most...
How to Attach a 2X4 to a Brick
Building with both brick and wood requires a method to connect the two types of material to provide structure and support. Attaching...
How to Nail Sheet Metal to Wood
There are a few different ways that you can attach a piece of sheet metal to a wood frame. You can use...
Residential Wood Joist to Steel Beam Connection Ideas
Wood joists rarely fasten directly to steel framing members; there's usually a connector or anchorage material between the wood and metal. While...
What Screws Are Used to Fasten Wood to Metal?
Screws are commonly used to fasten pieces of wood to each other in both outdoor and indoor structures, according to Popular Mechanics....