The simplest way to grow new fuchsia plants (Fuchsia spp.) is from stem tip cuttings. This guarantees the plants you end up with will produce the same brilliant blooms as the plant you already have. You’ll have new fuchsias ready to bloom by the following spring.
Fuchsias are known for their colorful, pendulous flowers. Perennial fuchsias grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 11, but some cultivars may be less hardy. Hardy fuchsias (Fuchsia genii) can withstand cooler climates, and grow in USDA zones 7 through 9.
Fuchsia Stem Tip Cuttings
The best time to propagate from stem tip cuttings is from March to May or in September. Choose a healthy plant, as weak or diseased plants will not root successfully or will produce a weak and diseased new plant.
Things You'll Need
6 inch plastic or terra cotta pots with drainage holes
Soilless potting medium
Sharp knife or pruning shears
Cotton balls or a soft cloth
Water fuchsia plants the day before you plan to take cuttings for propagation.
Fill the pots with soilless growing medium. Moisten the medium with water and tamp it down.
Wipe the knife or pruning shears with alcohol-soaked cotton ball. This sterilizes the tool and helps prevent the spread of plant diseases.
Make a sharp cut 6 inches from the tip of one non-flowering fuchsia stem.
Remove the set of leaves closest to the cut end of the stem with the shears or knife. Make clean, sharp cuts at the leaf node -- the point where the leaf joins the stem. Make another cut just below this leaf node.
Insert the stem into the moistened potting medium as far as the base of the remaining leaves at the tip of the stem.
Place the pot in a warm area that receives bright, indirect sunlight. Water the potting mix once a week or when you see the leaves on the cuttings droop.
Move the cuttings to larger pots with regular potting soil when you see new growth. This usually takes three to four weeks. To do this, carefully tip each pot and shake the soilless potting medium off the newly rooted fuchsia. Replace it with ordinary potting medium and re-insert the fuchsia cutting into the soil.
Water the potting medium and keep it moist, checking it each day. When the cuttings have 2 to 3 inches of new growth, pinch it off the growing tip. Four to six side branches will develop and form the flowering stems of the new plant.
Newly propagated young fuchsia plants can be placed in a filtered light or partial shade area of the garden. Continue watering when the topsoil feels dry and reduce watering in fall as the plant goes into the winter period of reduced growth.