How to Varnish Pine Furniture


Pine is frequently used to create furniture pieces with a bit of rustic charm. Pine is relatively soft and often doesn't stain as easily or as well as other wood types, but the wood is inexpensive and easy to work and shape. A well-made pine piece will be both durable and attractive if taken care of properly. It is important to seal pine, and the most popular type of sealer is varnish. Unsealed pine can seep a gummy pitch that is both sticky and unattractive.

Things You'll Need

  • Orbital power sander (180-220 grit sandpaper)
  • Rubber sanding block with 180-220 grit sandpaper
  • Tack cloth
  • Stain controller
  • Rags
  • Stain (optional)
  • Satin finish varnish
  • Paint brush
  • Sand the furniture with an orbital power sander set on low speed. Pine is very easy to scratch, dent or damage, so it is essential to sand with the grain of the wood. Start with 180-grit and work up to 220-grit using both the power sander and hand sanding. Clean the furniture with a tack cloth.

  • Apply stain controller if you intend to stain the furniture. Stain controller will control the absorption rate of the stain so that the finish will look more even. This is called a wash coat and the liquid will be very thin, so apply it with a rag, not a brush. Be sure to apply the controller evenly as well. Allow 6 to 8 hours drying time.

  • Lightly sand the furniture if the grain has lifted, and reapply small amounts of stain controller to those areas.

  • Stain the furniture with the grain, wiping the stain off for an even appearance. Allow 6 to 8 hours of drying time.

  • Varnish the furniture with a satin finish varnish. Allow the varnish to dry completely based on the manufacturer's recommendations and environmental conditions in your workshop. Apply 1 to 3 coats.

Tips & Warnings

  • Test stains on a sample piece of scrap wood to achieve the color you desire. If wood is damaged during sanding, it can sometimes be repaired by lifting the grain using drops of water at the dented areas. Light sanding may also be necessary after the water dries completely. Large knot holes can be filled with epoxy mixed with sawdust, sanded once dry.
  • Stain controllers and varnishes produce fumes and should be used in well ventilated areas. Wear safety protection on your hands and eyes to prevent absorbing chemicals through your skin.

Related Searches


Promoted By Zergnet


You May Also Like

  • How to Finish Pine Outdoor Furniture

    Pine is one of the most popular materials for building furniture, both for indoor and outdoor use. The grain of the wood...

  • How to Finish a Pine Table Top in a Kitchen

    Pine is a common choice of wood for kitchen tables. Pine tables tend to be durable, but they are susceptible to surface...

  • How to Paint Varnished Pine

    Paint can stick to most surfaces, even varnished pine, as long as steps are taken to adequately prepare the area beforehand. Paint...

  • How to Finish Pine Wood Furniture

    Finishing pine furniture is a task well-suited to do-it-yourselfers. Unlike hardwoods, which accept stain poorly, pine is a soft wood. This trait...

  • Pine Wood Stain Colors

    Pine is a softwood which means that it absorbs stain unevenly as compared to hardwoods like oak or walnut. Therefore, it is...

  • Tips on Staining Pine Furniture

    Staining pine furniture can be tricky. Pine has natural yellow undertones that tend to show through most stains. Pine rarely accepts stain...

Related Searches

Check It Out

22 DIY Ways to Update Your Home on a Small Budget

Is DIY in your DNA? Become part of our maker community.
Submit Your Work!