How to Plant a Coconut Tree

Coconut trees are common in the lush landscapes of tropical regions. Traditionally, they provided food, water and shelter to Pacific islanders. These days, they are increasingly popular in household landscaping projects. At full height, a coconut palm can reach 100 feet and has been known to produce coconuts for a century. Grow your own coconut tree to add a dramatic element to your garden.

Things You'll Need

  • Young coconut tree
  • Potting soil
  • Sand
  • Water
  • Palm fertilizer


    • 1

      Choose a site in your yard. A coconut tree needs at least eight hours of sun per day and plenty of room to grow. Find a fairly large area (at least twice the height and width of your palm) with well-drained soil.

    • 2

      Purchase a young coconut tree. Nurseries carry many varieties and can provide you with planting advice. Or try growing a tree from a coconut by soaking the coconut (with husk) in water for three days and planting in a container.

    • 3

      Dig a hole at least six inches larger than the width of the container and deep enough to cover the root ball with two to three inches of soil.

    • 4

      Fill the bottom of the hole with sand. About two to four inches of sand in the bottom of the hole will ensure proper drainage. If planting multiple trees, leave at least 20 feet of space between each.

    • 5

      Plant your tree. Place the tree in the center of the hole and fill with soil. Make sure the root ball is covered with at least two inches of soil.

    • 6

      Firmly stamp on the soil. Use your foot to flatten the soil and eliminate any air pockets.

    • 7

      Cover surface with mulch. Spread mulch around the base of the plant the same width as the canopy. This will keep the soil moist and prevent an onslaught of weeds.

    • 8

      Water your palm immediately after planting. During hot summers, water your palm 3 times per week to keep its leaves green.

Tips & Warnings

  • Use a fertilizer especially suited for palm trees to ensure healthy growth.
  • Protect your coconut tree from frost by insulating the roots and branches and wrapping it in plastic.
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  • Photo Credit Kelsey Shipman

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