Land pollution refers to the degradation of the land due to human activities, such as the exploitation of minerals, poor disposal of waste and improper utilization of soil. Deforestation, urbanization and industrialization are the factors responsible for land pollution. These processes have destroyed habitats and polluted the environment--affecting animals and humans. One of the chief reasons for the land pollution is disposal of solid waste obtained from human and animal activities. Non-biodegradable material that cannot be broken down or decomposed is dumped onto the environment.