How to Install Active Directory on Windows


The Active Directory, created by Microsoft, is software that runs on a Microsoft server. Active Directory helps maintain the smooth performance of all users on the directory by separating all objects into three main groups. The "users group" are the people who log onto the server; the "resources group" covers printers, scanners and fax machines; and the "services group" is basically the emails sent by the users. When installing Active Directory onto Windows XP, the installation must take place under the administrator's name, otherwise specific options will not be available.

  • Log on as the Administrator on the server and click "Start," followed by "Server Manager." The Server Manager will now load. Under the Role Summary click "Add Roles," then click "Next."

  • Select "Active Directory Domain Services," and click "Next." Click "Install" and the software will begin to install.

  • Select "Close this wizard and launch the Active Directory Domain Services Installation Wizard," once the installation has completed. Click "Next" two more times.

  • Choose "Existing forest" on the "Choose Deployment Configuration" page. Select "Add a domain controller to an existing domain," then click "Next."

  • Type in the name of any existing domain you wish to be included in the Active Directory.

  • Select "My current logged on credentials" under the "Specify the account credentials to use to perform the installation" option. Click "Alternative credentials" and click "Set."

  • Input the the administrator username and password and click "Next." Select a new domain controller and click "Next." Select a site from the provided list to install the domain controller to and click "Next."

  • Select either the "DNS Server," "Global Catalog," or "Read-only domain server." There will be explanations of the three options next to them. Click "Next" again and reconfirm your username and password when asked. Click "Finish" and then restart the computer. The Active Directory will now be installed when the system reboots.

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