Blackheads are part of the acne family. They are caused by excess oil and bacteria, which have accumulated in pores, resulting in black or dark spots on the skin's surface. Blackheads can occur anywhere on the body; however, they are most common on the nose, chin, forehead and cheeks. Thankfully, you can reduce blackheads with a solid skin care regime and a few simple treatments. With diligence, you'll notice fewer blackheads over time.
Things You'll Need
- Antibacterial cleanser
- Facial scrub
- Acne treatment medication
Cleanse your skin twice daily using an antibacterial cleanser. If you don't remove the day's makeup, sweat and bacteria, they will settle into your pores, resulting in blackheads. For best results, choose a cleanser that contains salicylic acid—an effective ingredient for combating blackheads.
Exfoliate. Dead skin cells reside on the surface of your skin, clogging your pores and exacerbating blackheads. If you regularly remove these cells, you'll experience fewer blackheads and clearer skin. Use a facial scrub to exfoliate your face two to three times weekly.
Apply acne treatment medication to your blackheads. Choose a topical treatment that contains benzoyl peroxide. Benzoyl peroxide absorbs excess oil and kills bacteria, helping to reduce blackheads. You can find such medications in most cosmetic and drug stores.
Steam your skin. Fill a bowl with boiling water. Cover your head with a towel and hold your head over the bowl for five to 10 minutes. The steam will penetrate your pores, helping to loosen blackhead-causing bacteria and debris. Wash your face with cool water after your treatment and pat dry with a clean towel.
Get a facial. Performed by skin care professionals, facials deep-clean the pores, helping to reduce blackhead breakouts. During your facial, the skin care professional may perform extractions to safely remove your blackheads. Do not attempt to do this yourself at home, as you could seriously damage your skin.
See a dermatologist. If you experience chronic blackheads, your dermatologist may prescribe an oral or topical medication to treat them.