How to Understand Blood Sugar Test Results

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Blood sugar test results are useful for identifying health issues that adversely impact glucose levels, such as diabetes or hypoglycemia. By drawing out a sample of blood and measuring its glucose, physicians can determine your health, if you need medical treatment and what medical issues you have. Understand your blood sugar test results by learning what levels are considered normal, and what medical issues are associated with abnormal blood sugar levels. It will help you understand which medical issues you are at risk for developing.

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  • Blood sugar test results
  • If you had a fasting blood sugar test, 70 to 100 mg/dL is considered normal. If your blood glucose level is between 100 to 125 mg/dL, this indicates pre-diabetes. Anything above 125 mg/dL is considered diabetes.

  • If you had a random blood sugar test, a normal reading is 140 mg/dL or lower. Anything above 140 mg/dL to 200 mg/dL indicates pre-diabetes. Anything over 200 mg/dL is indicative of diabetes type 1 or 2.

  • If you had an oral glucose blood sugar test, a normal reading is below 140 mg/dL. Anything above 140 mg/dL indicates diabetic issues, and 200 mg/dL indicates a definite diabetic condition.

  • For all tests, any glucose reading under 40 mg/dL indicates hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia is commonly seen in some diseases that affect glucose levels, such as anorexia nervosa, liver disease and hypothyroidism.

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