How to Hit Long Irons in Golf


Golfers have a wide variety of clubs at their disposal to negotiate their way around the golf course. The long irons are versatile clubs that can be used in a number of different ways. They can be used to tee off on holes with narrow fairways. They are great clubs to use from the fairways, and they can be used from the rough in order to dig a ball out of a tough lie.

Things You'll Need

  • 2-iron
  • 3-iron
  • 4-iron
  • 5-iron
  • 1-iron (optional)
  • Take your 3-iron when you are about 180 yards away from the green and you have a smooth lie in the fairway. Square your shoulder to the hole and take your normal swing. You do not have to swing any harder to get the ball there. A well-paced and even swing will help your shot stay on course.

  • Use your 2-iron when you are 200 to 220 yards from the hole. The 2-iron is best used off the tee or from the fairway. It is a difficult club to use from the rough because it does not have much loft. Don't swing the club hard. If you take your normal swing with an even pace, you will have more than enough force to get the ball to the hole.

  • Punch the ball out of the rough with your 4-iron. Ideally, the 4-iron is the club to use when you are about 150 to 160 yards from the green. However, it's a good club to use from the rough because the golfer can maintain control of the club head even if more force has to be used to get the ball out of heavy rough. The key to executing this shot is keeping your head down and making sure to follow through after impact. This keeps the ball from getting stuck in the high grass.

  • Use your 5-iron off the tee when you are 140 to 160 yards from the green. This is a great club to use on a short par 3 because the golfer can control the flight of the ball and its direction. Use a slower swing off the tee. The height of the ball on the tee will give it a bit extra momentum and you do not want to hit the ball over the green.

  • Practice your long irons at the driving range. While they can be used off the tee on occasion, you will be hitting from the fairway or the rough most of the time. As a result, hit the ball off the mats next to the tees at the driving range.

Tips & Warnings

  • Practice regularly with your long irons to gain confidence.
  • Don't hesitate to use all the clubs in your bag. The long irons may be challenging, but they are quite useful in helping a golfer in a competitive round of golf.

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