How to Build a Shed Wall

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There are few projects that a homeowner can complete that bring more satisfaction than building a shed. Whether you are planning to use your shed to store tools, wood or both, you will gain many years of use and satisfaction out of a well-built shed. That stability all begins with constructing solid walls.

Things You'll Need

  • Hammer
  • 16d nails
  • Pine or Douglas fir 2-by4s or 2-by-6s
  • Pressure treated 2-by-4s or 2-by-6s
  • Circular saw with a framing blade
  • Pencil
  • Power actuated fastener
  • 3-inch nails
  • Powder charges
  • Decide how thick you would like the walls to be. If you plan to use your shed as a work area, using a 2-by-6 inch stud instead of a 2-by-4 inch stud will allow you to add more insulation to the walls to help make working in extreme temperatures more comfortable.

  • Lay the lumber out on a flat surface, like a driveway. Framing the walls of your shed is just as easy as framing the walls of a home. The foot, or bottom, piece of lumber used to make the wall is called the sill plate and should be made of pressure treated wood so it will last longer. Cut the lumber to size and lay that piece out first on its edge.

  • Make a mark on the sill plate every 16 inches. Then lay the rest of the lumber out every 16 inches on center. Put the top plate into place and mark the top plate in the same manner.

  • Using a hammer and nails, or a framing nailer, begin nailing each piece of lumber together at each 16-inch mark.

  • Get help to pick the assembled wall up and move it into place. The foundation for your shed should already be finished and ready to build on, so you just need to place the sill plate end near the foundation.

  • Repeat Steps 2 through 5 until all of the walls are assembled and in place. Remember to frame in spaces for windows (optional) and a door. If you plan to build your own door, frame and assemble the door in the same manner you made the walls.

  • Raise two walls and nail them together at the corner. Repeat for each wall. Using a power actuated fastener, shoot a nail through the sill plate into the foundation between every other stud. This will keep the shed walls in place and make the structure stronger.

Tips & Warnings

  • When framing spaces for windows, make sure they are framed to fit a premade window.
  • Use caution when using power tools. Follow all manufacturer recommended safety precautions. Use safety glasses and other personal protective equipment.

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